Last weekend, millions of Americans will be fired up the grill for July 4 celebrations. Be sure to plan ahead and follow these steps to ensure a healthy and safe meal when cooking out with your friends and family.
- Clean the Grill: An important step in preparing the grill is cleaning it. Many people use the same brush year after year. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) report an increase in reports of people swallowing bristles from these grill brushes. To prevent this, replace grill brushes regularly before the bristles wear down or use a brush for cleaning that does not have steel bristles. Also, wipe down the grill with a wet cloth after scrubbing to remove small pieces of bristle on the grill racks that are difficult to see.
- Select your meat: One of the advantages of grilling is the flavor it adds without extra fat. Here are some suggestions for healthy meat choices. For hamburgers, try lean ground beef, turkey, chicken or veggie burgers made from chickpeas or black beans. Another option is chicken, shrimp or fish. You can make skewers with meat and vegetables or put them together in a “foil packet” to cook on the grill.
- Marinate: If you want to marinate the food for extra flavor before cooking, be sure to marinate in the refrigerator, not on the counter. Since the marinade has been exposed to bacteria from the raw food, you need to boil the leftover marinade to kill any harmful bacteria before serving it over the cooked meat. A better idea is to keep some marinade aside in a separate container in the refrigerator that you can serve with the meal.
- Storage: Raw foods, including meats and vegetables, need to be stored safely in the refrigerator or a cooler until it is time to grill and serve the food. If you buy the meat, poultry or fish more than 2 days before your barbeque, freeze it to prevent it from spoiling. Be sure to thaw it completely, in either the refrigerator or microwave, before grilling it to ensure even cooking.
- Use food thermometer to make sure meat is cooked: Meat and poultry cooked on a grill often browns very fast. Watch the temperature to avoid burnt food on the outside and undercooked food on the inside. Do not rely on its color to determine if it is done. The only way to determine if a food is cooked to a safe temperature is with a food thermometer. Ground meats need to be cooked to an internal temperature of 160°F. Cook all poultry to a safe minimum internal temperature of 165°F. When reheating fully cooked meats like hot dogs, grill to 165 °F or until steaming hot. After cooking meat and poultry to a safe temperature, keep it at 140 °F or warmer by placing to the side of the grill rack or in a pre-heated 200 °F oven until ready to serve.
- Avoid cross-contamination: When taking food off the grill, use a clean platter instead of the one used for the raw meat. Bacteria present from the raw meat juices could contaminate the cooked food.
Plan your menu today for a healthy and safe summer and fire up the grill. If you have any questions about grilling meat and poultry, call the USDA Meat and Poultry Hotline at 1-888-674-6843 or visit www.fsis.usda.gov .